According to the Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP), heroin is considered the biggest drug threat in Massachusetts. In 2011, it was the top drug cited as the primary drug of abuse for people entering substance abuse treatment programs. Marijuana, prescription and other opioids, and cocaine also were reported to be drugs of abuse.
The Massachusetts Department of Public Health (DPH) reports that about 4 percent of residents in the Commonwealth battled addiction involving an opioid drug in 2015. The rate of opioid overdose deaths in Massachusetts was 29.7 deaths per 100,000 residents in 2016, which was much higher than the national average rate of 13.3 fatalities per 100,000 people. This places Massachusetts in the top 10 for highest opioid overdose death rates among all states in the U.S., per the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA).
Massachusetts recorded the highest number of emergency department visits involving an opioid in 2014 with a rate of 450.2 per 100,000 population; the national average was much lower at 177.7 per 100,000 population. There were just more than 2,000 opioid overdose deaths in Massachusetts in 2017, which was actually a 4 percent decrease from the year before.
Fentanyl and synthetic opioids are becoming more prevalent in Massachusetts, however. In 2017, among overdose deaths where a toxicology screen was performed, nearly 90 percent showed the presence of fentanyl.
State Gov. Charlie Baker and government officials have instigated several initiatives and programs designed to tackle the opioid abuse and overdose epidemic in Massachusetts. The following initiatives have been implemented:
Both private and public providers offer resources for opioid addiction treatment in Massachusetts, which often begins with an opiate detox treatment program.
To find help for opiate detox in Massachusetts, residents have several options, including programs run or funded through the state, privately run addiction treatment facilities, and offerings provided through nonprofit organizations. The statewide system of substance abuse prevention, intervention, treatment, and recovery support programs are overseen by the Bureau of Substance Addiction Services (BSAS), a division of the Massachusetts DPH.
A public resource for finding treatment services in Massachusetts, the Massachusetts Substance Use Helpline, provides instant access to information and resources to residents free of charge. The helpline is staffed with trained specialists who can connect residents with local treatment programs and outline the options for care.
Public opiate detox treatment is given through acute treatment services (ATS) programs that provide medical detox with 24-hour care for three to five days. Medications are often required during opiate detox to manage the potential side effects of withdrawal, and medical detox programs provide the highest standard of care with around-the-clock medical supervision to enhance safety.
To be eligible for public ATS for opiate detox, a Massachusetts resident must be at least 18 years old and at risk for acute withdrawal. Priority is given to individuals who are pregnant, homeless, injection drug users, and those who have chronic medical issues.
The helpline provides information on detox programs in Massachusetts and delineates the ones that are funded through BSAS that accept individuals with no health insurance. Public detox services can often be provided for free or at a very low cost to eligible individuals with financial difficulties.
The National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI) Massachusetts and the Massachusetts Organization for Addiction Recovery (MOAR) are area nonprofit organizations that can provide information and resources for opiate addiction treatment and recovery support. Public detoxification services often have long waiting lists and accept individuals based on a determination of priority. They also generally have specific stipulations about the length of time a person can participate, types of programs that are offered, and medications that can be used. Private opiate detox can provide more flexibility, immediate access, additional privacy, and a wider range of treatment and medication options.
The Behavioral Health Treatment Services Locator that is hosted by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) can help individuals find local treatment options that are accredited and certified to offer opiate detox within Massachusetts.
Opiate detox is a vital part of an addiction treatment program that can provide a healthy level of physical stabilization before entering a full addiction treatment program that will address all aspects of addiction. When looking for an opiate detox program, there are several things to confirm.
There are many available resources when it comes to finding an opiate detox program in Massachusetts. Additional sources can include primary care physicians, mental health professionals, and personal friends or family members who have attended programs before. Members of local recovery support organizations, such as the New England Region of Narcotics Anonymous (NA), may be able offer referrals based on personal experience with local programs. Local substance abuse treatment providers can also provide information on their programs and offerings, and answer any questions that may arise about opiate detox.
(January 2013). Massachusetts Drug Control Update. Office of National Drug Control Policy. Retrieved October 2018 from https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/sites/default/files/docs/state_profile-massachusetts.pdf
(August 2017). An Assessment of Fatal and Nonfatal Opioid Overdoses in Massachusetts (2011-2015). Massachusetts Department of Public Health. Retrieved October 2018 from https://www.mass.gov/files/documents/2017/08/31/legislative-report-chapter-55-aug-2017.pdf
(February 2018). Massachusetts Opioid Summary. National Institute on Drug Abuse. Retrieved October 2018 from https://www.drugabuse.gov/drugs-abuse/opioids/opioid-summaries-by-state/massachusetts-opioid-summary
(September 2017). How Bad is the Opioid Epidemic in Massachusetts? Mass Live. Retrieved October 2018 from https://www.masslive.com/politics/index.ssf/2017/05/how_bad_is_the_opioid_epidemic_1.html
(August 2018). Data Brief: Opioid-Related Overdose Deaths Among Massachusetts Residents. Massachusetts Department of Public Health. Retrieved October 2018 from https://www.mass.gov/files/documents/2018/08/24/Opioid-related%20Overdose%20Deaths%20among%20MA%20Residents%20-%20August%202018_0.pdf
(November 2017). Annual Update Action Items 2017. Governor's Working Group on Opioids. Retrieved October 2018 from https://www.mass.gov/files/documents/2017/11/15/2017-annual-update-action-items-gov-working-group.pdf
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(2018). Substance Abuse Services Descriptions. Mass.gov. Retrieved October 2018 from https://www.mass.gov/service-details/substance-abuse-services-descriptions
(2018). Service Description and Related Services. The Massachusetts Substance Use Helpline. Massachusetts Department of Public Health. Bureau of Substance Addiction Services. Retrieved October 2018 from https://mahelplineonline.custhelp.com/app/account/opa_result/incident_id/NjczODY=#description
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(2018). New England Region of Narcotics Anonymous. New England Region of Narcotics Anonymous. Retrieved October 2018 from https://nerna.org/